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The Origins of Cognitive Behavioral Therapy

Historically, BT can be divided into three generations. The first generation is in part a rebellion against prevailing therapeutic concepts of the day (the Psychoanalytic and Humanistic approaches). Early interventions focused directly on reducing problematic manifestations of behavior, using techniques based on well-defined and strictly validated scientific principles. An example can be made of an individual suffering from social anxiety who avoids situations in which he may be subject to judgment or criticism.

https://psychcentral.com/lib/the-origins-of-cognitive-behavioral-therapy/