COVID-19 and mental well-being.

Researchers at the University of Edinburgh and Bristol conducted a study and discovered that COVID-19 impacted the mental health of specific groups of individuals.

The research aimed to quantify the prevalence of anxiety, depression and mental well-being before and during the COVID-19 pandemic. 

The measures for evaluating the mental well-being and the severity of anxiety were the Short Warwick Edinburgh Mental Wellbeing Scale and the Generalised Anxiety Disorder Assessment-7

The Patient Health Questionnaire-9 was used for rating the level of depression in Generation Scotland, while the Short Mood and Feelings Questionnaire in ALSPAC.

Avon Longitudinal Study of Parents and Children (ALSPAC) index generation, Generation Scotland, and parent generation were considered sources for collecting and analysing data.

ALSPAC index generation showed similar levels of depression comparing the situations before and during the COVID-19 pandemic, but individuals who were experiencing anxiety had doubled compared with the pre-COVID-19. 

Anxiety and depression during the pandemic were more significant in Women, young individuals, those with pre-existing mental/physical health conditions and individuals in socioeconomic adversity, as highlighted in both the studies. 


Pierce, M., Hope, H., Ford, T., Hatch, S., Hotopf, M., John, A., … & Abel, K. M. (2020). Mental health before and during the COVID-19 pandemic: a longitudinal probability sample survey of the UK population. The Lancet Psychiatry, 7(10), 883-892.

Photo by Hedgehog Digital on Unsplash


Anxiety Disorders treated using exposure-based therapy

Mental health services available in Edinburgh