Exposure-based therapies are highly reliable for clients with anxiety problems. However, these treatments are underutilized, highlighting the demand for additional dissemination and training.
Over a quarter of the people in the United States population will have an anxiety problem at some time during their lifetime. It is well established that exposure-based behaviour therapies are effective treatments for these conditions; however, just a tiny per cent of patients are treated with exposure therapy.
For example, in the Harvard/Brown Anxiety Research Project, only 23% of treated people reported obtaining regular imaginal exposure, and also just 19% had obtained even occasional in vivo exposure.
Partially, this could be a lack of well-trained specialists due to the fact that most mental health clinicians do not obtain specialized training in exposure-based therapies. An additional aspect might be that numerous healthcare professionals do not comprehend the concepts of exposure or hold (usually unfounded) negative beliefs concerning this type of treatment.
Surveys of psychologists who treat clients with PTSD show that many do not use exposure therapy and a lot of think that exposure therapy is likely to exacerbate symptoms and signs. Nonetheless, people with trauma histories and PTSD express a preference for exposure therapy over various other treatments.
Besides, exposure therapy does not show up to cause symptom worsening or therapy discontinuation. Indeed, a wealth of evidence suggests that exposure-based treatment is related to improved symptomatic and functional outcomes for individuals with PTSD.
The available research literary works suggest that exposure-based therapy needs to be considered the first-line treatment for various anxiety conditions.
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